Qila Mubarak, Patiala
Qila Mubarak (Punjabi: ਕ਼ਿਲਾ ਮੁਬਾਰਕ) is an ancient fortress of Sikh architecture in Patiala.
Quila Mubarak was first built as a ‘Kachigarhi’ (Mud fortress) by Baba Ala Singh in 1763, who was the founder of the Patiala dynasty. Later, it was reconstructed in baked bricks. The interior portion of Quila, which is known as Quila Androon is built by Maharaja Amar Singh.
The residential palace of Royal family of Patiala, Qila Mubarak complex is built in 10-acre (40,000 m2) ground in the heart of the city. The whole complex contains Ran Baas (Guesthouse) and the Darbar Hall (Divan Khana) besides Quila Androon. There is also underground sewerage system in the Quila.
Quila Androon has 13 royal chambers with scenes from Hindu mythology painted in the Patiala art style.
Museum of Armoury & Chandelier
The Darbar Hall contains rare cannons, swords, shields and maces, daggers of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, sword of Nadir Shah.
Being 300-year-old building, the Quila is described as being in ‘bad shape’ and has been extensively damaged. The fortress is described by the World Monuments Fund as one of world’s 100 “most endangered monuments” in year 2004.
Restoration work of Quila has been undertaken by Indian National Trust for Arts and Cultural Heritage, which has been financially assisted by the state and national governments Archaeological Survey of India. The World Monuments Watch has also funded its preservation.