Fourth Udasi of Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Guru Nanak moved by the plight of the people of world wanted to tell them about the “real message of God”. The peoples of the world were confused by the conflicting message given by priests, pundits, qazis, mullahs, etc. He was determined to bring his message to the masses; so in 1499, he decided to set out on his sacred mission to spread the holy message of peace and compassion to all of mankind.
It is believed that Guru Nanak is the second most traveled person in the world; most of his journeys were made on foot with his companion Bhai Mardana. He traveled in all four directions – North, East, West and South. The founder Sikh Guru is believed to have traveled more than 28,000 Kms in five major tours of the world during the period from 1500 to 1524.
Guru Nanak saw the world suffering out of hatred, fanaticism, falsehood and hypocrisy. The world had sunk in wickedness and sin. So he decided that he had to travel and educate and press home the message of Almighty Lord. So he set out in 1500 on his mission for the regeneration of humanity on this earth. He carried the torch of truth, heavenly love, peace and joy for mankind. For 1 year he spread his message of peace, compassion, righteousness and truth to the people in and around his home.
Guru Nanak’s fourth Udasi (1519 to 1521)
The fourth Udasi was undertaken towards the west.
1) Multan, Lakhpat, Karachi
2) Addan, Jeddah, Al Mecca, Medina
3) Baghdad, Basrah, Karbala
4) Bushehar, khorramShahr
5) Tehran, Ashghabat, urgench, bukhara, Samarkand
6) Kandhar, Kabul, Hassan Abdal, Jalalabad
7) Inscriptions in Turkey, Azerbaizan, Africa & Rome(Possibility)
Starting in Punjab Guru Nanak visited Sheikh Braham who was the eleventh successor to the Muslim holy sage Baba Sheikh Farid at Pakpattan across the Sutlej from Lahore. From Sheikh Braham Guru Sahib acquired inspirational holy scriptural compositions of Sheikh Farid whose spiritual message was compatible with his own. He also stopped at Vadodara, Junagarh & Lakhpat. (Lakhpat is about 20 Km from Korini village where there is a big Sarovar in memory of the visit by Guru Nanak Dev ji).
From Lakhpat Guru crossed to Pakpattan/Somiani port in Sindh where he caught a boat loaded with pilgrims headed West to the Red Sea and Jeddah; from there he traveled SouthEast by foot to Mecca, also spelled Makkah, then he started his trip home traveling East to Medina (lit. the city) the place in which the Prophet of Islam is buried. From here he traveled through what is now Kuwait to Basra and then North to Baghdad. He then traveled through Iran crossing to Kabul in Afganistan and back through Peshawar to the Punjab.
- Guru Nanak in Pakpattan
- Guru Nanak in Saudi Arabia
- Guru Nanak in Turkey
- Guru Nanak in Greece
- Guru Nanak in Baghdad
Return From Baghdad
From Baghdad the Guru passed through Iran, Turkstan and Afghanistan and then reached Kabul. Some writers believe that the Guru took the popular route from Baghdad towards Tehran, Kandhar and reached Kabul. On his way he passed through Mehds. Bhai Mani Singh’s Janamsakhi makes a reference of his visit to this place. Since the visit of Guru Nanak to Kabul, the Sikh contacts had been carefully maintained. Sikh preachers were stationed there to disseminate the teachings of the Guru. At one time Bhai Gurdas also served as one of the Sikh missionaries at Kabul.
From Kabul the Guru proceeded to Jalalabad, Sultanpur and passed through the Khyber Pass to reach Peshawar. There are Gurdwaras at Jalalabad and Sultanpur to mark his visit. There are springs of water associated with his visit. The Guru paid a visit to the Gorakh Hatri and had discourse with Yogis. He also went to Hassan Abdal, now known as Panja Sahib, and sat at the foot of the hill.