It is situated in the Malwa region of Punjab. The fort was named after the Bhati kings. Razia Sultan was the first woman ruler of India and was imprisoned in this fort. The fort is around 39 metres high and consists of 39 bhurjas.
Qila mubarak is a part of the Bathinda Fort. It was earlier called kuchi–garhi or mud fort. The structure was later given a massive artistic touch. The canons brought by Babur are kept here, each made of an alloy of gold, silver, copper and iron.It is a historical monument in the heart of the city of Bathinda in Punjab, India. It is recognized as monument of national importance and maintained by Archaeological Survey of India. It has been in existence from 1100-1200 AD in its current place and is the oldest surviving fort in India. It was here that Razia Sultan, the first woman to take charge of the Delhi throne was incarcerated on her defeat and dethroned. The bricks of the fort date back to the Kushana period when emperor Kanishka ruled over Northern India/Bactria. Raja Dab, along with emperor Kanishka, is believed to have built the fort.
The imperial gazetteer describes the fort having 36 bastions and a height of about 118 ft. It was a conspicuous landmark for many miles around.
Quila Mubarak Bathinda was constructed by Raja Dab during the period 90-110 AD. Raja Dab was the ancestor of Vena Pal. The bricks used to construct the fort dates back to the Kushana Period. The fort was constructed by the king so that Huns could not invade the kingdom of Emperor Kanishka. In the later years, the fort has undergone various types of alteration done by the rulers of the area. Razia Sultana, the first Empress of Delhi had been imprisoned in Quila Mubarak. Hindu chronicles of Kashmir described it as Jaipal’s capital, and say it was captured by Mahmud of Ghazni captured it. About 1754, it was captured by Maharaja Ala Singh of Patiala state.
Currently, a team working with the Akal Society of America, after conducting an extensive two year survey of the site has submitted a proposal of repairs to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The proposed repair work will be funded by external funds provided by the ASA though the former Chief Minister, Captain Amarinder Singh, announced a government contribution of Rs. 12,500,000 (US$275,000) for Qila Mubarak’s repair on 21 June 2005 at a ceremony held to mark the tercentenary celebrations of Guru Gobind Singh’s visit to the fort. While awaiting final approval (which as been granted on the state level in Punjab, but not yet by the ASI), minor internal repairs are in progress at a slow pace. As on 20-02-2011, the fort is closed for repair work. While visiting it is advised to check beforehand.
This fort is extra ordinary in its exitance, currently under Archaeological survey of India. The repair work has been finished and the fort is now there to welcome tourists.
When Babur came in India for the first time, he came here with cannons. Four of them are here in this fort that are made up of an alloy of silver,gold,copper and iron.